Basement and Crawl Space Waterproofing in Indianapolis
Severe weather is common in Indianapolis, IN, especially in the spring and summer. Thunderstorms usually occur during the summer, and the rainwater from the storms can affect your home. One way is by leading to the formation of mold growth, especially in less traveled and non-waterproofed areas of your home, like a basement or crawl space. Here, it can damage your respiratory system permanently if you’re exposed to it long-term. Aside from mold, a wet basement or crawl space lowers your property value; so, if you’re looking to sell, you’ll get less points for the state of these areas.
Some of the signs of a wet basement or crawl space are obvious while others are more subtle. Standing water, leaks, humidity, condensation, and mold are all obvious signs. If you still aren’t sure, then you need to give your local experts at Indiana Foundation Service a call for a free inspection of your Indianapolis basement or crawl space.
For a city like Indianapolis, IN, which gets thunderstorms during the spring and summer, you’ll want to get a sump pump. If you already have one, then consider upgrading to one with a battery backup in case the power goes out during a storm. To double-down on the foundation drainage, invest in AquaStop BasementGutter™, an innovative interior drainage system. AquaStop BasementGutter™ is installed within the perimeter of your basement to collect water, and it is connected to your sump pump.
Indianapolis Foundation Repair
Indianapolis rests on Miami clay soil and silty loam, which has poor drainage abilities and is prone to holding any water that it does absorb. Unfortunately, this creates a recipe for expansion during the rainy summers and the snowmelt that your area often faces during the spring. The water accumulates against your foundation, and if enough of it presses up against the basement walls, the force of it can make the walls bow inwards.
Your foundation is the most important part of your Indianapolis home. It may not be the one most seen by you or your visitors, but without a healthy foundation, the rest of your home crumbles. Indiana Foundation Service has three solutions for bowing basement walls: carbon fiber straps, wall anchors, and the SettleStop IntelliBrace™ wall bracing system.
All three of these solutions put a stop to bowing walls. Only wall anchors and SettleStop IntelliBrace™ can straighten out your wall over time, since carbon fiber straps are for minor bowing. Wall anchors require excavation, but if you don’t have the space for it or simply want a less intrusive solution, SettleStop IntelliBrace™ is a better option.
Besides basement wall repair, Indiana Foundation Service also stops foundations settling with support piers. Since you can’t rely on soft clay soils to support your house, helical and push piers make it so that your foundation relies on denser soil. Steel rods made of galvanized steel are driven into the ground until reaching proper load-bearing depth.
Unlike concrete piers, helical and push piers potentially can lift your Indianapolis home’s foundation back into place. This function can help you solve common foundation settling problems, such as jammed doors and uneven floors.
Concrete Lifting in Indianapolis
Concrete settling can occur anywhere on your Indianapolis property. This is because of the clay soil of the region, which tends to erode due to shrinking and swelling. The clay in the subsoil swells when wet and shrinks when dry, which makes it lose its volume. From your garage floor to your patio, if there is a slab on soil, there is settling.
If you’re in Indianapolis, IN, and you’re looking for a permanent solution for concrete settling, then look no further than SettleStop PolyRenewal™. The SettleStop PolyRenewal™ concrete lifting method utilizes polyurethane foam to lift concrete back into place. Small holes are drilled into the concrete in order to inject the polyurethane foam until there’s enough under the slab to lift and stabilize it.
Mudjacking, a different form of concrete lifting, consists of pumping a cement slurry under the concrete to lift the slab. However, because of how heavy the cement is, it puts pressure on the soil below, increasing the chances of displacement and settling. SettleStop PolyRenewal™, on the other hand, only weighs four to six pounds per cubic foot. It does a much better job at supporting the slab without disturbing the soil.
Mudjacking lifts the slab by pumping in the cement and waiting for the pressure of the material being pumped to lift the slab. This pressure often causes there to be blowout, which doesn’t happen when using SettleStop PolyRenewal™. Professionals rely on the expanding foam to lift the slab, so it’s a much more reliable material.
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About Waterproofing, Crawl Spaces & Foundation Repair in Indianapolis
Nobody wants to have to watch their step while walking around their pool deck. Concrete settling is the type of problem that can make you have to constantly look down instead of enjoying your Indianapolis home. If the settling in your pool deck is severe, then a lot of accidents can happen, especially with the pool being so nearby. Unfortunately, pool settling is often unavoidable. Uneven concrete slabs in pool decks are the result of the clay bowl effect, which is caused by the way modern pools are currently constructed.
When a pool is being constructed, a hole is excavated. When the material the pool is made of is put into place, the gap between the hole and the pool is backfilled with soil. While the soil that is under the pool is compacted and dense, the same cannot be said for the soil that is used as backfill. The soil that now surrounds the pool is loose and porous. So, the concrete slabs that surround the pool have to rely on the unstable soils that can easily shrink and expand when exposed to water which, given their location, will happen a lot.
Soil displacement is impossible to avoid, but that doesn’t mean you should say goodbye to your pool deck concrete. The settled slab can be lifted back into place using SettleStop PolyRenewal™. Multiple holes are drilled into the slab, and polyurethane foam is injected until there is enough to lift the slab. The foam is dense enough to hold up the slab, and, unlike the clay soil around the pool, it does not erode; so, your slab now is properly secured. After using SettleStop PolyRenewal™ for your pool deck, you won’t have to worry about concrete settling any longer.
A crawl space will always be the most humid part of an Indianapolis home due to its proximity to soil and groundwater. Even if you close off your crawl space, it won’t guarantee that the humidity levels of the crawl space stay low. This is especially true between May and September, which are the most humid months of the year in Indianapolis. Water vapor has a way of permeating through different types of materials, so unless you close off the area with an impermeable material, the crawl space will always be humid.
You can prevent water vapor from entering the crawl space with AquaStop CrawlSeal™, a vapor barrier for your crawl space. AquaStop CrawlSeal™ is made of polyethylene, a synthetic plastic material that is molecularly denser than normal plastic. AquaStop CrawlSeal™ sheets are 20-mil thick and form an impenetrable shield that protects your crawl space from water vapor and keeps moisture and humid air out of the space. The vapor barrier can be installed along the entirety of the crawl space, so your foundation is completely encapsulated and protected. Because it keeps the moisture levels low and seals the space from the outside, AquaStop CrawlSeal™ can reduce your energy costs by 20%.
While a vapor barrier is excellent at keeping water vapor out of the crawl space, if there is some moisture in the air, there is nothing the vapor barrier can do to get rid of it. This is why, to truly keep your crawl space dry, you need a dehumidifier. A dehumidifier takes in all the moisture in the air and sends it to the sump pump so it can be easily drained away. Don’t worry about the dehumidifier consuming a lot of energy in your home, because our dehumidifier not only exceeds the ENERGY STAR® efficiency requirements, but it also cycles 90% less than regular dehumidifiers despite taking in more moisture.
Starting the day off with cold floors is enough to make anyone irritable, especially in the winter. Winters in Indianapolis are cold enough already, so having cold floors on top of everything is just salt in the wound. If you have your HVAC system set high but your floors are still cold, then you need to check your crawl space. There’s a chance that the crawl space itself is not properly insulated, which means that the cold air from your crawl space is pushing out the warm air that could have otherwise heated your floors.
Hot air is a lot lighter than cold air. Due to the density, when cold air enters the crawl space during the winter, the dense, cold air pushes the hot air upwards. Your floor is cold because the cold air in the crawl space and around the home is cooling it down. All the hot air that’s being blown out by your HVAC system isn’t staying in your living area. Instead, it’s rising upwards towards your ceiling.
Because your HVAC system has to work extra to accommodate the incoming cold air from the crawl space, the energy efficiency in your home is worse than it should be. To avoid cold floors and high energy bills, you need to insulate your crawl space. Indiana Foundation Service recommends AquaStop ExTremeBloc™, our high-quality insulation panels. Crawl space insulation will block off any path air might take to creep into your home. Instead, it bounces the air around in the crawl space, keeping the area as warm as your floors.
Soil erosion is a process in which soil particles become displaced. It defines how soil can shift about due to an external element, such as water, ice, wind, and human tampering. Slabs and houses rely on a stable layer of soil to stay upright, but over time, soil shifts, expands, shrinks, and washes out. In Indiana, water seeps through the well-drained silt loam topsoil, but then erodes the clay-filled subsoils because of swelling and shrinking. Without an even layer of soil, the structures that rely on them will freely shift about as well.
Preventing as much soil erosion as you can has to do with making sure the soil gets saturated with water as little as possible. Improving your yard drainage can do just that, especially since the soil in Indianapolis, IN, is moderately drained on the surface and poorly drained past eight inches because of all the clay in the soil. Before the water gets drained to the subsoil, you should have a drainage system in place to drain it out of your property entirely. Extended downspouts, using foliage as cover from rainwater, and other solutions can help optimize the drainage on your property.
Other solutions include interior drainage. Sump pumps can drain the groundwater that surrounds the foundation and helps catch the water that couldn’t be drained by your yard drainage system. Besides a sump pump, you should also consider waterproofing your basement as much as possible. Because soil erosion is inevitable, there’s only so much you can do before it causes structural problems. You can get ahead of the damage by preparing your foundation before something actually happens.
If your foundation looks damaged beyond repair, we understand if you want to get rid of it all and simply replace it. If you aren’t familiar with many foundation repair solutions, the situation in your basement might seem like something that needs a total overhaul. However, understand that replacing your foundation walls is a lot more expensive, time-consuming, and unreliable than repairing them. This is because the soil, which is what damaged your foundation in the first place, will not go away just because you replaced the walls. Unless you have a permanent repair solution installed, you will experience the same problem again.
Foundation walls get damaged when hydrostatic pressure exerts an incredible amount of force upon the walls. Replacing foundation walls with new ones does not solve this issue because the same Miami clay soil that caused the problems will still be there. The rainwater and melted snow will seep into the soil and accumulate once more in a few short years, especially given the amount of rain and storms Indiana gets during the summer. To fix the problem, you need a solution that can control the amount of groundwater outside of your foundation. As for your walls, these can be fixed with wall anchors or wall braces.
Before thinking that your basement walls are beyond repair, contact us for a free inspection. Even walls that are bowing more than two inches forward can be repaired. Using a wall anchor system, we can create enough force to stabilize the wall and completely stop the bowing. The wall anchor system is bolted to the wall and said bolt can be tightened over time to straighten the wall out. This solution is permanent, so you won’t have to worry about hydrostatic pressure affecting that wall again.
Basement wall bowing is common in cities like Indianapolis because of the soil of the region. Around 795,000 acres of land in Indiana are made up of the Miami soil series, which are silt loam for the first eight inches and then heavy in clay past that first layer. Clay soils have slow permeability and are able to retain moisture really well, so the soil around your foundation is constantly saturated with groundwater. When too much groundwater accumulates against the basement wall, the weight of all that water puts pressure on the wall. This pressure, known as hydrostatic pressure, is what causes the wall to bow inward.
At first, the bowing is very subtle and difficult to detect. However, as the wall strains against the pressure, the bowing becomes more noticeable and cracks begin to appear along the wall. As the cracks become bigger and the wall detaches itself from the floor, the groundwater seeps into your basement, both through the cracks and the wall-floor joint. If the bowing is allowed to advance too much, the concrete blocks that make up the wall might even become loose and pop out of the wall, exposing the soil and causing a flood.
Every time it rains and every time snow melts, water seeps into the ground and accumulates against your foundation. You may not be able to stop water from seeping into the soil, but you can prevent it from accumulating against your basement. The best way to prevent hydrostatic pressure is to control the amount of groundwater around your foundation with an interior perimeter drainage system. With Indiana Foundation Service, you can get AquaStop BasementGutter™, a drainage system that is installed right at the wall-floor joint of your basement. The drain is capable of collecting the groundwater all around your foundation and sending it to the sump pump, effectively relieving the walls of hydrostatic pressure.
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Indiana Foundation Service
624 North Front Street
Whiteland, IN 46184
Hours of Operation
Monday – Thursday: 7 am – 9 pm
Friday: 7 am – 7 pm
Saturday: 8 am – 2pm